First Year Allowance: How To Get It

The first-year allowance is a 6 to 100% deduction from qualifying capital expenditures. It applies to the purchase of machinery bought in the United Kingdom. A first-year allowance helps new businesses work out their expenses. Once they earn profits, they can move towards capital allowance.

Any equipment bought in the first year of business is eligible for a first-year allowance. The UK government provides relief for new businesses to build their assets. After world war 2, British lawmakers passed the income Tax Act of 1945. Its purpose was to increase business investments. At the start of 1946, the first-year allowances replaced the old Wear and Tear Allowance

The first year allowance facilitated the replacement of old mills. It reimbursed businesses in the Industrial Era. Businessmen were able to buy contemporary facilities for their factories. It revived the postwar manufacturing and information services to revitalise the postwar economy.

What Qualifies As A First Year Allowance?

The majority of environmentally friendly and innovative technologies are eligible for first-year allowances. You can claim up to 100% of the costs for these sorts of capital allowances. The following are some examples of purchases that qualify for a first-year allowance:

  • Water-saving equipment such as water metres, etc.
  • Low-emission cars and vehicles
  • Energy-saving equipment such as energy-efficient motors
  • Gas station equipment like storage tanks and pumps

Make sure you purchase a vehicle that is on the government’s approved list. You cannot claim on products you intend to rent or sell. Your purchase must be solely for business purposes and used only for the business. A first-year allowance is not the only way to claim a tax deduction. Businesses can also claim writing down allowance after claiming partial reductions.

How Do First-year allowances Work?

The tax deductions of 6% to 100% on qualifying expenditures. These qualifying expenditures include the money spent on maintaining the business. Business owners don’t have to pay taxes for buying furniture or equipment or assets. They can improve the growth of their business without worrying about paying taxes.
Many entrepreneurs use the first year allowance to expand their business. They use the extra money to pay their shareholders and invest in new equipment. A decrease in the price of qualifying expenditures facilitates deductions for the same year. It gives a boost to the success of a business and you can use the money for other ventures.

What Is The 50% First-Year Allowance?

The 50% first-year allowance (FYA) is a special relief for business owners to start a business. It provides a 50% tax deduction on all the qualifying expenditures from 1 April 2021 to 31 March 2023. This relief aims to boost small businesses. It also helps them establish a repertoire in the business circle.

A 50% tax deduction is available for physical assets e.g, heat, lighting and power. It can also be used for intangible assets like patents, copyrights and trademarks. The tax deduction reverts to 6% in the second year. By the time a company takes advantage of the 50% tax deduction the value of its physical assets decreases. It means that the equipment, machines and property is used to get profits. It also decreases the cost of ownership.

What Is A First-Year Allowance Example?

A first-year allowance encompasses all tangible and intangible assets. Most businesses use it for capital expenditure to start their business. New entrepreneurs have to spend all of their capital on manufacturing. Their money is spent on production, utilities, telecom, furnishings and record keeping.

However, a first-year allowance helps owners secure physical assets. Therefore, you can purchase buildings, equipment and property without paying taxes. Some assets require writing down allowance. Other assets that comply with this tax break include:

Low Carbon Emission Cars

These include all the unused cars with low CO2 production. Business owners can also invest in electric cars. These include eco-friendly equipment to boost their business. 

Zero-Emission Vehicles

Owners can get up to 100% first-year allowance. It applies to vehicles with zero carbon emissions. These vehicles must be brand new. FYA is not available on old or used vehicles as they cost a lot in damages and repairs.

Refuelling Gas Stations

First-year allowances help businesses with refuelling expenses. It helps them manage expenses against changing gas prices. A business can use the super deduction to refuel vehicles or machines.  These replacement fuels include natural gas, biogas or hydrogen fuel.

Installation Of New Machinery

Business owners can set up a new factory with a first-year allowance and they can get tax deductions easily. The machinery must be brand new and should work seamlessly. Used machines do not qualify for FYA. Moreover, you can also get a super deduction on new machinery from 1 April 2021 to and before 1 April 2023. 


A first-year allowance provides new businesses with a much-needed tax break. It applies to all physical and intangible assets that must be secured for a business to grow.  A super deduction tax provides a 100% tax relief. It is liable for establishing new plants and establishing new businesses. A first-year allowance helps businesses get started. Therefore, if you make profits you can also get a writing down allowance as well as a capital allowance.


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